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Until 1892, there was no Department in the State dealing with matters concerning cattle welfare. There was, however, the Imperial Horse Breeding Department run by the Inspector-General of Civil Veterinary Department, Government of India with headquarters at Simla

In1892, the Civil Veterinary Department was constituted in the State to supplement the operations of the Imperial Department and a Superintendent was appointed under the Director of Land Records and Agriculture with headquarters at Babugarh in District Meerut.

In 1920, the department was taken away from the control of the Director of Land Records and Agriculture, and a Veterinary Advisor to Government was appointed to look after it. In 1929, his designation was changed to Director, Civil Veterinary Department.

Animal Husbandry Department was created in January 1944. Advantage was taken to avail the services of Sir Frank Ware C.I.E., F.R.C.V.S. retired animal husbandry commissioner with the Government of India to form a new Department of Animal Husbandry in the United Province under his able guidance. Sir Frank Ware C.I.E., F.R.C.V.S.  became the first Director of the Department. With the formation of this department the subjects which were being dealt earlier with either the Civil Veterinary Department or the Agriculture Department were transferred to the  Animal Husbandry Department. The following subjects were dealt with the Animal Husbandry Department :

Cattle Breeding and Cattle Farms.

Livestock Marketing.

Poultry Farms and Poultry Development.

Cattle shows and exhibitions.

Sheep and Goat breeding.

Pig breeding.

Cattle census.

Ghee and Milk schemes.

Fisheries and milk development.

Local purchase of the Army in connection with cattle, goat and sheep.

Soon after the creation of the department other posts were created for the development,  in March 1944 to assist the Director of Animal Husbandry in the various branches of Animal Husbandry.

In order to expand the activities of the Animal Husbandry Department through out the province the Civil Veterinary Department was amalgamated with the Animal Husbandry Department in 1945 whereby the entire field staff of the former department was utilized for the activities of the combined Animal Husbandry Department.

Hitherto all the biological products required for the control of livestock diseases and epidemics were purchased from the IVRI, Izatnagar Bareilly. For the purpose of economy and facility it was decided to open a Biological Products Section at Lucknow to meet the requirements of biological products for the province. Therefore a post of officer incharge biological products section was created in 1945 having responsibility of  biological product viz vaccines and sera manufacturing.

Keeping in view the human resource development in the veterinary profession in the state in 1947-48 the U.P. College of Vety. Science and Animal Husbandry was established at Mathura. Which later came under C.S.A. University of Agriculture & Technology, Kanpur.

Early in 1947 it was decided to form a separate Fisheries Department as a result of which the Fisheries was separated from the Department of Animal Husbandry in 1964.  Later on the Ghee demonstration scheme was stopped & Ghee grading stations along with the staff was transferred to the U.P. Cooperative Federation with effect from 1948. Presently the Department covers Livestock development, Poultry development, Disease control, Fodder development and other Animal Husbandry activities related to the socio-economic upliftment of rural masses and employment generations.

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